Pattali Makkal Katchi (பாட்டாளி மக்கள் கட்சி) is a socio-democratic political party currently active and 3rd largest party in Tamil Nadu, India. It is known for its fights against any kind of social injustice. It was founded by Dr. S. Ramadoss
PMK was founded by Dr S Ramadoss an activist on 16 July 1989. Ahead of the 2004 elections, PMK joined the broad Tamil political front Democratic Progressive Alliance where the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Indian National Congress, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Indian Union Muslim League were also members. PMK was able to obtain a significant share of power both in the regional Government in Tamil Nadu and the Central Government due to a significant number of seats they obtained which helped the United Progressive Alliance ( UPA-I ) to form the Government.
Following the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, the PMK joined United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress. In June 2008, during the final months of the bitter relationship between the DMK and the PMK, the ruling DMK in Tamil Nadu severed its ties with the PMK, an outside supporter of the Karunanidhi Government. However, the DMK did not press for the party's removal from the UPA Government at the Centre. On 26 March 2009, PMK declared that, it would join the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) led front and left the United Progressive Alliance (UPA).
PMK contested in the 2014 Lok Sabha election in an alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party led NDA and its candidate Anbumani Ramadoss won from Dharmapuri Lok Sabha constituency, where he is one of two non-AIADMK MPs from Tamil Nadu the other being from its ally BJP.
Leaders of Pattali Makkal Katchi
The leaders of Pattali Makkal Katchi, who are also the national executives of the party, are listed below:
S. Ramadoss, Founder-Leader of PMK
G.K. Mani, President of PMK
Anbumani Ramadoss, Former Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha. He is the son of S. Ramadoss and former Union Minister of Health. His important contributions include his leadership in the பசுமை தாயகம் -Pasumai Thayagam (meaning “Green Motherland”) movement, which has found wide acceptance among the people of the land. He is the party's Chief Minister Candidate for the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016.
N.T. Shanmugam, Former Minister of State for Food Processing Industries. He has remained a member of the Lok Sabha from the Vellore constituency in Tamil Nadu in the 1998-99 elections.
A.K. Moorthy, Former Union Minister. As a Member of Parliament of the 14th Lok Sabha, Moorthy represented the Chengalpattu constituency of Tamil Nadu.
Mohamed Amukurajuddin, Leader of minority wing of PMK
Rangasamy Velu, Former Union Minister of Railways. He was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha, representing the Arakkonam constituency of Tamil Nadu. He remained in the Railway Ministry from 2004 to 2009.
Contributions of the Party
- The Pattali Makkal Katchi has under its banner, a number of frontal mass organizations such as the PMK Minority Wing, the PMK Youth Wing and the PMK Students Federation, each of which have fought for interests of the various sections it caters to.
- One of the most phenomenal contributions of the PMK is in its Union Minister’s efforts to improve the rural healthcare facilities of people across the country, especially women and children. It was to this end that Anbumani Ramadoss as a Health Minister established the famous National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) in 2005. This government initiation brought massive development to the rural poor, in terms of better medical facilities and enhanced treatments.
- Ramadoss has been a strong advocate of the anti-tobacco campaigns, and it was his concerted efforts which made ads against the sale of tobacco mandatory in television or in movies. As a Health Minister, he implemented strict measures to control sale of tobacco and alcohol in the country. His strong advocacy banned the drinking and smoking of alcohol and tobacco, or their respective advertisements in and around educational institutes or in the interest of the public.
- Founded Pasumai Thaayagam, which primarily works for the preservation of the environment and ecologically sustainable development.